How to reduce memory usage on a Mac

4 min read

If you're plagued by the “Your system has run out of application memory" message or your Mac is suddenly acting slow and sluggish, you might be wondering how to check the memory on your Mac? 

There is no denying MacBooks are powerful computers, but they do have limitations. Luckily, we can do plenty to resolve this issue and get your Mac running smoothly again. 

Knowing how to reduce memory usage on your Mac is essential, so let's jump in and look at how we can check and reduce memory usage. 

What is RAM?

RAM (Random Access Memory) is essentially your Macs short-term memory. It temporarily stores everything currently running in real-time on your device. RAM storage is considered volatile memory—when there's no power or every time you restart your Mac it gets cleared.

RAM vs Hard drive

Unlike your RAM storage, your hard drive is permanent storage; here you can store data for a long time. 

When your Mac is using the majority of your available RAM, you might experience these issues:

  • Spinning beachball 

  • Applications crashing

  • Low on memory message

  • Slow loading times

Read on to find out how to check and clear your Mac's memory.

Check your Mac memory usage

To check your RAM usage:

  1. Open a Finder window then Applications > Utilities > Activity Monitor.

  2. Now select the Memory tab.

Activity Monitor shows all of your processes and how much memory each one is taking up. 

At the bottom is a little graphical representation and totals, but what does this all mean?

App memory:  Memory being used by apps.

Wired memory: Memory used by the system to operate.

Compressed: Memory that has been compressed to make more RAM available.

Cached files: Memory you can really use.

Swap used: Memory used by macOS.

If the graph under memory pressure shows a lot of red and yellow, your Mac is struggling for free memory; I'll show you how to clear memory on your Mac in the next section.

To check your hard drive storage:

Go to Apple Menu > System Settings > General > Storage.

Here you'll see a breakdown of your hard drive storage. If you are low on space, press the Manage button, here you'll find Apple built-in storage optimization tools.

It's worth checking out the recommendations. These are all easy to follow steps that can help you optimize your hard disk storage. You can easily navigate through all the folders in the sidebar to remove and delete any old or large files taking up precious space on your Mac.

If you’re looking for more detailed instructions on how to free up hard drive storage, check out our article.

How to free up RAM on Mac

Knowing how to clean up memory on Mac is essential, here are a few tips to keep your Mac optimized.

1. Flush RAM quickly

There are many ways to free up RAM, but if you want an instant solution, try this. CleanMyMac X has a one-button RAM flusher. You can use it anytime, whenever your Mac has a memory overload.

Download CleanMyMac X here.
Once installed, click the small iMac icon in the upper menu bar.

In the Dashboard that appears, find the Memory tab and click Free Up. That's it!

2. Restart your Mac

Sounds obvious, but since RAM is temporary memory when your Mac restarts, it will empty the RAM and any disk caches, so this is actually a pretty quick and easy way of cleaning up memory.

3. Check Activity Monitor

Check Activity Monitor, and close down applications that are using a lot of RAM. Here's how:

  • Open a Finder window then Applications > Utilities > Activity Monitor > Memory.

  • From the list, select any process or app that is hogging memory and press the “X” to close it.

4. Tidy your desktop

The more icons you have lying around on your desktop, the more memory is used. Take a look at what's sitting on your desktop right now and have a tidy up.

I use stacks to keep my desktop in order. The Stacks feature categorizes items and puts them together in neat little piles. Right-click anywhere on your desktop, and select Use Stacks from the menu.

How to use desktop stacks

5. Clear up System Junk

To optimize the available RAM you do have, it's a good idea to clean up your system junk, like temporary files, cache and incomplete downloads or old logs. You can spend hours trawling through folders, or you can use a dedicated tool like CleanMyMac X, to do all the hard work for you, in just a few clicks. Bonus points for this app being notarized by Apple.

Here's how to clean your system junk with CleanMyMac X:

CleanMyMac X - System junk scan complete

6. Disable login items

Login items are another common source of memory usage. Unknowingly we can often have several installed that we rarely use, but they hog memory, here's how to check and remove:

  • Select Apple Menu > System Settings > General > Login Items.

  • Remove any applications you no longer want to launch when your Mac starts: select them in the list and press the "-" button. 

  • Look through the background apps and disable those you don't need running. 

There we are, now you know how to check the memory on your Mac, how to clear it and use a Mac memory cleaner. See you back here soon, for more great tips. 

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